English to Binisaya - Cebuano Dictionary and Thesaurus.

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linguistics : lingguwistika (n.)

Glosses: (~ related words)
n. (cognition)1. linguisticsthe scientific study of language.
~ linguistic performance(linguistics) a speaker's actual use of language in real situations; what the speaker actually says, including grammatical errors and other non-linguistic features such as hesitations and other disfluencies (contrasted with linguistic competence).
~ tone(linguistics) a pitch or change in pitch of the voice that serves to distinguish words in tonal languages.; "the Beijing dialect uses four tones"
~ complementary distribution, complementation(linguistics) a distribution of related speech sounds or forms in such a way that they only appear in different contexts.
~ linguistic competence(linguistics) a speaker's implicit, internalized knowledge of the rules of their language (contrasted with linguistic performance).
~ feature of speech, feature(linguistics) a distinctive characteristic of a linguistic unit that serves to distinguish it from other units of the same kind.
~ science, scientific disciplinea particular branch of scientific knowledge.; "the science of genetics"
~ cognitive sciencethe field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind.
~ computational linguisticsthe use of computers for linguistic research and applications.
~ dialect geography, linguistic geographythe study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features.
~ etymologythe study of the sources and development of words.
~ diachronic linguistics, diachrony, historical linguisticsthe study of linguistic change.; "the synchrony and diachrony of language"
~ grammarthe branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics).
~ descriptive grammara grammar that is produced by descriptive linguistics.
~ prescriptive grammara grammar that is produced by prescriptive linguistics.
~ phrase structure, sentence structure, syntaxthe grammatical arrangement of words in sentences.
~ syntaxstudies of the rules for forming admissible sentences.
~ generative grammar(linguistics) a type of grammar that describes syntax in terms of a set of logical rules that can generate all and only the infinite number of grammatical sentences in a language and assigns them all the correct structural description.
~ phonemics, phonologythe study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes.
~ neurolinguisticsthe branch of linguistics that studies the relation between language and the structure and function of the nervous system.
~ pragmaticsthe study of language use.
~ semanticsthe study of language meaning.
~ sociolinguisticsthe study of language in relation to its sociocultural context.
~ structural linguistics, structuralismlinguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse.
~ synchronic linguisticsthe study of a language without reference to its historical context.
~ descriptive linguisticsa description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments.
~ prescriptive linguisticsan account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics.
~ descriptivism(linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting descriptive linguistics.
~ prescriptivism(linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting prescriptive linguistics.
~ derivative(linguistics) a word that is derived from another word.; "`electricity' is a derivative of `electric'"
~ descriptor, form, signifier, word formthe phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something.; "the inflected forms of a word can be represented by a stem and a list of inflections to be attached"
~ root word, stem, root, theme, radical, base(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed.; "thematic vowels are part of the stem"
~ participant role, semantic role(linguistics) the underlying relation that a constituent has with the main verb in a clause.
~ postposition(linguistics) the placing of one linguistic element after another (as placing a modifier after the word that it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix after the base to which it is attached).
~ preposition(linguistics) the placing of one linguistic element before another (as placing a modifier before the word it modifies in a sentence or placing an affix before the base to which it is attached).
~ topicalization(linguistics) emphasis placed on the topic or focus of a sentence by preposing it to the beginning of the sentence; placing the topic at the beginning of the sentence is typical for English.; "`Those girls, they giggle when they see me' and `Cigarettes, you couldn't pay me to smoke them' are examples of topicalization"
~ morphophoneme(linguistics) the phonemes (or strings of phonemes) that constitute the various allomorphs of a morpheme.
~ phoneme(linguistics) one of a small set of speech sounds that are distinguished by the speakers of a particular language.
~ allophone(linguistics) any of various acoustically different forms of the same phoneme.
~ linguistic rule, rule(linguistics) a rule describing (or prescribing) a linguistic practice.
~ linguistic universal, universal(linguistics) a grammatical rule (or other linguistic feature) that is found in all languages.
~ signa fundamental linguistic unit linking a signifier to that which is signified.; "The bond between the signifier and the signified is arbitrary"
~ phylum(linguistics) a large group of languages that are historically related.
~ aphaeresis, apheresis(linguistics) omission at the beginning of a word as in `coon' for `raccoon' or `till' for `until'.
~ linguistic processa process involved in human language.
~ voice(linguistics) the grammatical relation (active or passive) of the grammatical subject of a verb to the action that the verb denotes.
~ obscurereduce a vowel to a neutral one, such as a schwa.
~ reducedestress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it.
~ etymologise, etymologizeconstruct the history of words.
~ topicalizeemphasize by putting heavy stress on or by moving to the front of the sentence.; "Speakers topicalize more often than they realize"; "The object of the sentence is topicalized in what linguists call `Yiddish Movement'"
~ geminate, reduplicateform by reduplication.; "The consonant reduplicates after a short vowel"; "The morpheme can be reduplicated to emphasize the meaning of the word"
~ analytic, uninflectedexpressing a grammatical category by using two or more words rather than inflection.
~ syntheticsystematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words.
~ animatebelonging to the class of nouns that denote living beings.; "the word `dog' is animate"
~ inanimatebelonging to the class of nouns denoting nonliving things.; "the word `car' is inanimate"
~ cacuminal, retroflexpronounced with the tip of the tongue turned back toward the hard palate.
~ inflectedshowing alteration in form (especially by the addition of affixes).; "`boys' and `swam' are inflected English words"; "German is an inflected language"
~ uninflectednot inflected.; "`boy' and `swim' are uninflected English words"
~ earlyof an early stage in the development of a language or literature.; "the Early Hebrew alphabetical script is that used mainly from the 11th to the 6th centuries B.C."; "Early Modern English is represented in documents printed from 1476 to 1700"
~ oldof a very early stage in development.; "Old English is also called Anglo Saxon"; "Old High German is High German from the middle of the 9th to the end of the 11th century"
~ middleof a stage in the development of a language or literature between earlier and later stages.; "Middle English is the English language from about 1100 to 1500"; "Middle Gaelic"
~ lateof a later stage in the development of a language or literature; used especially of dead languages.; "Late Greek"
~ modern, newused of a living language; being the current stage in its development.; "Modern English"; "New Hebrew is Israeli Hebrew"
~ newin use after medieval times.; "New Eqyptian was the language of the 18th to 21st dynasties"
~ cognatehaving the same ancestral language.; "cognate languages"
~ received, standardconforming to the established language usage of educated native speakers.; "standard English"; "received standard English is sometimes called the King's English"
~ acceptablejudged to be in conformity with approved usage.; "acceptable English usage"
~ nonstandardnot conforming to the language usage of a prestige group within a community.; "a nonstandard dialect is one used by uneducated speakers or socially disfavored groups"; "the common core of nonstandard words and phrases in folk speech"
~ badnonstandard.; "so-called bad grammar"
~ unaccepted, unacceptablenot conforming to standard usage.; "the following use of `access' was judged unacceptable by a panel of linguists; `You can access your cash at any of 300 automatic tellers'"
~ suprasegmentalpertaining to a feature of speech that extends over more than a single speech sound.
~ segmentaldivided or organized into speech segments or isolable speech sounds.
~ autosemanticof a word or phrase meaningful in isolation, independent of context.
~ synsemanticof a word or phrase meaningful only when it occurs in the company of other words.
~ radicalof or relating to or constituting a linguistic root.; "a radical verb form"
~ polyphonichaving two or more phonetic values.; "polyphonic letters such as `a'"
~ homophonouscharacteristic of the phenomenon of words of different origins that are pronounced the same way.; "'horse' and 'hoarse' are homophonous words"
~ ablativerelating to the ablative case.
~ aspectualof or belonging to an aspect (as an aspect of the verb).; "the aspectual system of Greek"
~ prepositionalof or relating to or formed with a preposition.; "prepositional phrase"
~ vocativerelating to a case used in some languages.; "vocative verb endings"
n. (cognition)2. linguistics, philologythe humanistic study of language and literature.
~ arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal artsstudies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills).; "the college of arts and sciences"
~ dialectologythe branch of philology that is devoted to the study of dialects.
~ lexicologythe branch of linguistics that studies the lexical component of language.