**number** | | |

*n. (attribute)* | **1**. **figure**, **number** | the property possessed by a sum or total or indefinite quantity of units or individuals.; "*he had a number of chores to do*"; "*the number of parameters is small*"; "*the figure was about a thousand*" |

| ~ amount | the relative magnitude of something with reference to a criterion.; "*an adequate amount of food for four people*" |

| ~ numerosity, numerousness, multiplicity | a large number. |

| ~ preponderance, prevalence | a superiority in numbers or amount.; "*a preponderance of evidence against the defendant*" |

| ~ countlessness, innumerableness | a number beyond counting. |

| ~ bulk, majority | the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part.; "*the majority of his customers prefer it*"; "*the bulk of the work is finished*" |

| ~ minority | being or relating to the smaller in number of two parts.; "*when the vote was taken they were in the minority*"; "*he held a minority position*" |

| ~ fewness | the quality of being small in number. |

| ~ roundness | the quality of being round numbers.; "*he gave us the results in round numbers, but their roundness didn't affect the point he was making*" |

*n. (quantity)* | **2**. **number** | a concept of quantity involving zero and units.; "*every number has a unique position in the sequence*" |

| ~ arity | the number of arguments that a function can take. |

| ~ co-ordinate, coordinate | a number that identifies a position relative to an axis. |

| ~ folio, page number, pagination, paging | the system of numbering pages. |

| ~ definite quantity | a specific measure of amount. |

| ~ decimal | a number in the decimal system. |

| ~ constant | a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context.; "*the velocity of light is a constant*" |

| ~ oxidation number, oxidation state | the degree of oxidation of an atom or ion or molecule; for simple atoms or ions the oxidation number is equal to the ionic charge.; "*the oxidation number of hydrogen is +1 and of oxygen is -2*" |

| ~ cardinality | (mathematics) the number of elements in a set or group (considered as a property of that grouping). |

| ~ count | the total number counted.; "*a blood count*" |

| ~ factor | any of the numbers (or symbols) that form a product when multiplied together. |

| ~ fibonacci number | a number in the Fibonacci sequence. |

| ~ prime, prime quantity | a number that has no factor but itself and 1. |

| ~ composite number | an integer that is divisible without remainder by at least one positive integer other than itself and one. |

| ~ score | a number that expresses the accomplishment of a team or an individual in a game or contest.; "*the score was 7 to 0*" |

| ~ record | the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had.; "*at 9-0 they have the best record in their league*" |

| ~ compound number | a quantity expressed in two different units.; "*one hour and ten minutes*" |

| ~ no., ordinal, ordinal number | the number designating place in an ordered sequence. |

| ~ cardinal number, cardinal | the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order. |

| ~ radix, base | (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place.; "*10 is the radix of the decimal system*" |

| ~ floating-point number | a number represented in floating-point notation. |

| ~ fixed-point number | a number represented in fixed-point notation. |

| ~ atomic number | the order of an element in Mendeleyev's table of the elements; equal to the number of protons in the nucleus or electrons in the neutral state of an atom of an element. |

| ~ baryon number | a number equal to the difference between the number of baryons and the number of antibaryons in any subatomic structure; it is conserved in all types of particle interactions. |

| ~ quota | a prescribed number.; "*all the salesmen met their quota for the month*" |

| ~ linage, lineage | the number of lines in a piece of printed material. |

| ~ natural number | the number 1 and any other number obtained by adding 1 to it repeatedly. |

| ~ integer, whole number | any of the natural numbers (positive or negative) or zero.; "*an integer is a number that is not a fraction*" |

| ~ addend | a number that is added to another number (the augend). |

| ~ augend | a number to which another number (the addend) is added. |

| ~ minuend | the number from which the subtrahend is subtracted. |

| ~ subtrahend | the number to be subtracted from the minuend. |

| ~ remainder, difference | the number that remains after subtraction; the number that when added to the subtrahend gives the minuend. |

| ~ complex number, complex quantity, imaginary, imaginary number | (mathematics) a number of the form a+bi where a and b are real numbers and i is the square root of -1. |

| ~ second power, square | the product of two equal terms.; "*nine is the second power of three*"; "*gravity is inversely proportional to the square of the distance*" |

| ~ third power, cube | the product of three equal terms. |

| ~ biquadrate, biquadratic, fourth power, quartic | an algebraic equation of the fourth degree. |

| ~ root | a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of times, equals a given number. |

| ~ dividend | a number to be divided by another number. |

| ~ divisor | the number by which a dividend is divided. |

| ~ quotient | the number obtained by division. |

| ~ remainder | the part of the dividend that is left over when the dividend is not evenly divisible by the divisor. |

| ~ multiplier, multiplier factor | the number by which a multiplicand is multiplied. |

| ~ multiplicand | the number that is multiplied by the multiplier. |

*n. (communication)* | **3**. **act**, **bit**, **number**, **routine**, **turn** | a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program.; "*he did his act three times every evening*"; "*she had a catchy little routine*"; "*it was one of the best numbers he ever did*" |

| ~ performance, public presentation | a dramatic or musical entertainment.; "*they listened to ten different performances*"; "*the play ran for 100 performances*"; "*the frequent performances of the symphony testify to its popularity*" |

| ~ show-stopper, showstopper, stopper | an act so striking or impressive that the show must be delayed until the audience quiets down. |

*n. (communication)* | **4**. **number**, **phone number**, **telephone number** | the number is used in calling a particular telephone.; "*he has an unlisted number*" |

| ~ signal, signaling, sign | any nonverbal action or gesture that encodes a message.; "*signals from the boat suddenly stopped*" |

*n. (communication)* | **5**. **number**, **numeral** | a symbol used to represent a number.; "*he learned to write the numerals before he went to school*" |

| ~ symbol | an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance. |

| ~ arabic numeral, hindu-arabic numeral, hindu numeral | one of the symbols 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,0. |

| ~ roman numeral | a symbol in the old Roman notation; I,V,X,L,C,D,M represent 1,5,10,50,100,500,1000 respectively in Arabic notation. |

| ~ antilog, antilogarithm | the number of which a given number is the logarithm. |

*n. (communication)* | **6**. **issue**, **number** | one of a series published periodically.; "*she found an old issue of the magazine in her dentist's waiting room*" |

| ~ periodical | a publication that appears at fixed intervals. |

| ~ serial publication, serial, series | a periodical that appears at scheduled times. |

| ~ edition | an issue of a newspaper.; "*he read it in yesterday's edition of the Times*" |

*n. (group)* | **7**. **number** | a select company of people.; "*I hope to become one of their number before I die*" |

| ~ company | a social gathering of guests or companions.; "*the house was filled with company when I arrived*" |

*n. (communication)* | **8**. **identification number**, **number** | a numeral or string of numerals that is used for identification.; "*she refused to give them her Social Security number*" |

| ~ aba transit number, bank identification number, bin | an identification number consisting of a two-part code assigned to banks and savings associations; the first part shows the location and the second identifies the bank itself. |

| ~ license number, registration number | the number on the license plate that identifies the car that bears it. |

| ~ social security number | the number of a particular individual's Social Security account. |

| ~ positive identification | evidence proving that you are who you say you are; evidence establishing that you are among the group of people already known to the system; recognition by the system leads to acceptance.; "*a system for positive identification can prevent the use of a single identity by several people*" |

| ~ personal identification number, pin number, pin | a number you choose and use to gain access to various accounts. |

*n. (attribute)* | **9**. **number** | a clothing measurement.; "*a number 13 shoe*" |

| ~ size | the property resulting from being one of a series of graduated measurements (as of clothing).; "*he wears a size 13 shoe*" |

| ~ colloquialism | a colloquial expression; characteristic of spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech. |

*n. (communication)* | **10**. **number** | the grammatical category for the forms of nouns and pronouns and verbs that are used depending on the number of entities involved (singular or dual or plural).; "*in English the subject and the verb must agree in number*" |

| ~ grammatical category, syntactic category | (grammar) a category of words having the same grammatical properties. |

*n. (artifact)* | **11**. **number** | an item of merchandise offered for sale.; "*she preferred the black nylon number*"; "*this sweater is an all-wool number*" |

| ~ merchandise, product, ware | commodities offered for sale.; "*good business depends on having good merchandise*"; "*that store offers a variety of products*" |

*v. (stative)* | **12**. **add up**, **amount**, **come**, **number**, **total** | add up in number or quantity.; "*The bills amounted to $2,000*"; "*The bill came to $2,000*" |

| ~ work out | be calculated.; "*The fees work out to less than $1,000*" |

| ~ be | have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun).; "*John is rich*"; "*This is not a good answer*" |

| ~ outnumber | be larger in number. |

| ~ average, average out | amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain.; "*The number of hours I work per work averages out to 40*" |

| ~ make | add up to.; "*four and four make eight*" |

*v. (communication)* | **13**. **number** | give numbers to.; "*You should number the pages of the thesis*" |

| ~ paginate, page, foliate | number the pages of a book or manuscript. |

| ~ denominate, designate | assign a name or title to. |

*v. (communication)* | **14**. **list**, **number** | enumerate.; "*We must number the names of the great mathematicians*" |

| ~ itemise, itemize | place on a list of items.; "*itemize one's tax deductions*" |

| ~ identify, name | give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property.; "*Many senators were named in connection with the scandal*"; "*The almanac identifies the auspicious months*" |

*v. (stative)* | **15**. **count**, **number** | put into a group.; "*The academy counts several Nobel Prize winners among its members*" |

| ~ class, classify, sort out, assort, sort, separate | arrange or order by classes or categories.; "*How would you classify these pottery shards--are they prehistoric?*" |

*v. (communication)* | **16**. **count**, **enumerate**, **number**, **numerate** | determine the number or amount of.; "*Can you count the books on your shelf?*"; "*Count your change*" |

| ~ recount | count again.; "*We had to recount all the votes after an accusation of fraud was made*" |

| ~ ascertain, determine, find out, find | establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study.; "*find the product of two numbers*"; "*The physicist who found the elusive particle won the Nobel Prize*" |

| ~ miscount | count wrongly. |

| ~ census | conduct a census.; "*They censused the deer in the forest*" |

| ~ add together, summate, tot, tot up, tote up, add up, sum, total, sum up, tally, add | determine the sum of.; "*Add all the people in this town to those of the neighboring town*" |

*v. (change)* | **17**. **keep down**, **number** | place a limit on the number of. |

| ~ circumscribe, confine, limit | restrict or confine,.; "*I limit you to two visits to the pub a day*" |

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