**chance** | | |

*n. (state)* | **1**. **chance**, **opportunity** | a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances.; "*the holiday gave us the opportunity to visit Washington*"; "*now is your chance*" |

| ~ possibleness, possibility | capability of existing or happening or being true.; "*there is a possibility that his sense of smell has been impaired*" |

| ~ brass ring | a rich opportunity or a prize.; "*he missed the brass ring at the Miami convention*" |

| ~ day | a period of opportunity.; "*he deserves his day in court*"; "*every dog has his day*" |

| ~ clean slate, fresh start, tabula rasa | an opportunity to start over without prejudice. |

| ~ hearing, audience | an opportunity to state your case and be heard.; "*they condemned him without a hearing*"; "*he saw that he had lost his audience*" |

| ~ hunting ground | a place where opportunities abound. |

| ~ occasion | an opportunity to do something.; "*there was never an occasion for her to demonstrate her skill*" |

| ~ opening | opportunity especially for employment or promotion.; "*there is an opening in the sales department*" |

| ~ room | opportunity for.; "*room for improvement*" |

| ~ say | the chance to speak.; "*let him have his say*" |

| ~ shot, crack | a chance to do something.; "*he wanted a shot at the champion*" |

| ~ street | a situation offering opportunities.; "*he worked both sides of the street*"; "*cooperation is a two-way street*" |

| ~ throw | a single chance or instance.; "*he couldn't afford $50 a throw*" |

*n. (phenomenon)* | **2**. **chance**, **fortune**, **hazard**, **luck** | an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another.; "*bad luck caused his downfall*"; "*we ran into each other by pure chance*" |

| ~ phenomenon | any state or process known through the senses rather than by intuition or reasoning. |

| ~ mischance, mishap, bad luck | an unpredictable outcome that is unfortunate.; "*if I didn't have bad luck I wouldn't have any luck at all*" |

| ~ even chance, toss-up, tossup | an unpredictable phenomenon.; "*it's a toss-up whether he will win or lose*" |

*n. (act)* | **3**. **chance** | a risk involving danger.; "*you take a chance when you let her drive*" |

| ~ danger, risk, peril | a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury.; "*he saw the rewards but not the risks of crime*"; "*there was a danger he would do the wrong thing*" |

*n. (attribute)* | **4**. **chance**, **probability** | a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible.; "*the probability that an unbiased coin will fall with the head up is 0.5*" |

| ~ quantity, measure, amount | how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify. |

| ~ conditional probability, contingent probability | the probability that an event will occur given that one or more other events have occurred. |

| ~ cross section | (physics) the probability that a particular interaction (as capture or ionization) will take place between particles; measured in barns. |

| ~ exceedance | (geology) the probability that an earthquake will generate a level of ground motion that exceeds a specified reference level during a given exposure time.; "*the concept of exceedance can be applied to any type of environmental risk modeling*" |

| ~ fair chance, sporting chance | a reasonable probability of success. |

| ~ fat chance, slim chance | little or no chance of success. |

| ~ joint probability | the probability of two events occurring together. |

| ~ risk of exposure, risk | the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent. |

| ~ risk of infection, risk | the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred. |

*n. (state)* | **5**. **chance**, **prospect** | the possibility of future success.; "*his prospects as a writer are excellent*" |

| ~ potential, potentiality, potency | the inherent capacity for coming into being. |

*v. (social)* | **6**. **chance** | be the case by chance.; "*I chanced to meet my old friend in the street*" |

| ~ come about, hap, happen, occur, take place, go on, fall out, pass off, pass | come to pass.; "*What is happening?*"; "*The meeting took place off without an incidence*"; "*Nothing occurred that seemed important*" |

| ~ happen | chance to be or do something, without intention or causation.; "*I happen to have just what you need!*" |

*v. (social)* | **7**. **adventure**, **chance**, **gamble**, **hazard**, **risk**, **run a risk**, **take a chance**, **take chances** | take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome.; "*When you buy these stocks you are gambling*" |

| ~ attempt, essay, try, assay, seek | make an effort or attempt.; "*He tried to shake off his fears*"; "*The infant had essayed a few wobbly steps*"; "*The police attempted to stop the thief*"; "*He sought to improve himself*"; "*She always seeks to do good in the world*" |

| ~ go for broke | risk everything in one big effort.; "*the cyclist went for broke at the end of the race*" |

| ~ luck it, luck through | act by relying on one's luck. |

*v. (possession)* | **8**. **bump**, **chance**, **encounter**, **find**, **happen** | come upon, as if by accident; meet with.; "*We find this idea in Plato*"; "*I happened upon the most wonderful bakery not very far from here*"; "*She chanced upon an interesting book in the bookstore the other day*" |

*adj. * | **9**. **casual**, **chance** | occurring or appearing or singled out by chance.; "*seek help from casual passers-by*"; "*a casual meeting*"; "*a chance occurrence*" |

| ~ unplanned | without apparent forethought or prompting or planning.; "*an unplanned economy*"; "*accepts an unplanned order*"; "*an unplanned pregnancy*"; "*unplanned remarks*" |

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