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botanika [bu.ta.ni.ka.] : botany (n.)
[ Etymology: Spanish: botnica: botany ]

Derivatives of botanika

n. (group)1. botany, flora, vegetationall the plant life in a particular region or period.; "Pleistocene vegetation"; "the flora of southern California"; "the botany of China"
~ plant life, flora, plant(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion.
~ aggregation, collection, accumulation, assemblageseveral things grouped together or considered as a whole.
~ biota, biologyall the plant and animal life of a particular region.
~ browsevegetation (such as young shoots, twigs, and leaves) that is suitable for animals to eat.; "a deer needs to eat twenty pounds of browse every day"
~ brush, coppice, copse, thicket, brushwooda dense growth of bushes.
~ growthvegetation that has grown.; "a growth of trees"; "the only growth was some salt grass"
~ chaparral, scrub, bushdense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes.
~ standa growth of similar plants (usually trees) in a particular area.; "they cut down a stand of trees"
~ forest, woods, woodthe trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area.
~ shrubberya collection of shrubs growing together.
~ gardenthe flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden.
~ brier, brier patch, brierpatchtangled mass of prickly plants.
~ ground cover, groundcoverlow-growing plants planted in deep shade or on a steep slope where turf is difficult to grow.
~ mown, cut(used of grass or vegetation) cut down with a hand implement or machine.; "the smell of newly mown hay"
~ unmown, uncut(used of grass or vegetation) not cut down with a hand implement or machine.; "uncut grass"; "an unmown lawn"
~ sprouted(of growing vegetation) having just emerged from the ground.; "the corn is sprouted"
~ dried-up, sear, sere, shriveled, shrivelled, withered(used especially of vegetation) having lost all moisture.; "dried-up grass"; "the desert was edged with sere vegetation"; "shriveled leaves on the unwatered seedlings"; "withered vines"
n. (cognition)2. botany, phytologythe branch of biology that studies plants.
~ plant life, flora, plant(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion.
~ etiolation(botany) the act of causing a plant to develop without chlorophyll by growing it without exposure to sunlight.; "the etiolation of celery"
~ biological science, biologythe science that studies living organisms.
~ mycologythe branch of botany that studies fungi and fungus-caused diseases.
~ pomologythe branch of botany that studies and cultivates fruits.
~ palaeobotany, paleobotanythe study of fossil plants.
~ algology, phycologythe branch of botany that studies algae.
~ pteridologythe branch of botany that studies ferns.
~ dissiliencethe emergence of seeds as seed pods burst open when they are ripe.
~ aestivation, estivation(botany) the arrangement of sepals and petals in a flower bud before it opens.
~ division(botany) taxonomic unit of plants corresponding to a phylum.
~ venation(botany) the arrangement of veins in a leaf.
~ vernation(botany) the arrangement of young leaves in a leaf bud before it opens.
~ scurf(botany) a covering that resembles scales or bran that covers some plant parts.
~ natural scientist, naturalista biologist knowledgeable about natural history (especially botany and zoology).
~ kingdom plantae, plant kingdom, plantae(botany) the taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct plants.
~ annual(botany) a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year.
~ biennial(botany) a plant having a life cycle that normally takes two seasons from germination to death to complete; flowering biennials usually bloom and fruit in the second season.
~ perennial(botany) a plant lasting for three seasons or more.
~ style(botany) the narrow elongated part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma.
~ germ tube(botany) a slender tubular outgrowth from a spore in germination.
~ pollen tube(botany) a slender tubular outgrowth from a pollen grain when deposited on the stigma for a flower; it penetrates the style and conveys the male gametes to the ovule.
~ peristome(botany) fringe of toothlike appendages surrounding the mouth of a moss capsule.
~ embryo(botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium.
~ corolla(botany) the whorl of petals of a flower that collectively form an inner floral envelope or layer of the perianth.; "we cultivate the flower for its corolla"
~ corona(botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower.
~ calyx(botany) the whorl of sepals of a flower collectively forming the outer floral envelope or layer of the perianth enclosing and supporting the developing bud; usually green.
~ lip(botany) either of the two parts of a bilabiate corolla or calyx.
~ papilla(botany) a tiny outgrowth on the surface of a petal or leaf.
~ pitcher(botany) a leaf that that is modified in such a way as to resemble a pitcher or ewer.
~ apophysis(botany) a natural swelling or enlargement: at the base of the stalk or seta in certain mosses or on the cone scale of certain conifers.
~ callus(botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid.
~ blister(botany) a swelling on a plant similar to that on the skin.
~ coma(botany) a usually terminal tuft of bracts (as in the pineapple) or tuft of hairs (especially on certain seeds).
~ phloem, bast(botany) tissue that conducts synthesized food substances (e.g., from leaves) to parts where needed; consists primarily of sieve tubes.
~ root(botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground.
~ taproot(botany) main root of a plant growing straight downward from the stem.
~ spike(botany) an indeterminate inflorescence bearing sessile flowers on an unbranched axis.
~ leaf node, node(botany) the small swelling that is the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge.
~ lobe(botany) a part into which a leaf is divided.
~ ligule(botany) any appendage to a plant that is shaped like a strap.
~ apogamy(botany) development of an embryo without fertilization; especially the development in some ferns of a sporophyte from the gametophyte without fertilization.
~ cohesion(botany) the process in some plants of parts growing together that are usually separate (such as petals).
~ foliation, leafing(botany) the process of forming leaves.
~ parthenocarpy(botany) the development of a fruit without fertilization or seeds.
~ growth regulator, phytohormone, plant hormone(botany) a plant product that acts like a hormone.
~ phellem, cork(botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells.
~ sporulateconvert into spores.
~ invaginatesheathe.; "The chrysalis is invaginated"
~ sporulateproduce spores.; "plants sporulate"
~ acroscopicfacing or on the side toward the apex.
~ basiscopicfacing or on the side toward the base.
~ acropetalof leaves or flowers; developing or opening in succession from base to apex.
~ basipetalof leaves or flowers; developing or opening in succession from apex to base.
~ basifixedattached by its base (as certain anthers to their filaments or stalks).
~ comal, comate, comoseof certain seeds (such as cotton) having a tuft or tufts of hair.; "comate (or comose) seeds"; "a comal tuft"
~ carpellate, pistillatebearing or consisting of carpels.
~ acarpellous, acarpeloushaving no carpels.
~ caulineespecially of leaves; growing on a stem especially on the upper part of a stem.; "cauline leaves"
~ basal, radicalespecially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem.; "basal placentation"; "radical leaves"
~ caulescent, cauline, stemmed(of plants) producing a well-developed stem above ground.
~ acaulescent, stemless(of plants) having no apparent stem above ground.
~ outward-developingaway from an axis, as in a flower cluster in which the oldest flowers are in the center, the youngest near the edge.
~ inward-developingtoward an axis, as in a sunflower; the oldest flowers are near the edge, the youngest in the center.
~ chlamydeoushaving a floral envelope or perianth consisting of a calyx and/or corolla.
~ achlamydeousnot having a floral envelope or perianth.
~ brachiatehaving widely spreading paired branches.; "maples are brachiate"
~ comate, comosebearing a coma; crowned with an assemblage of branches or leaves or bracts.; "comate royal palms"; "pineapples are comate"
~ cyclicforming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl.; "cyclic petals"; "cyclic flowers"
~ acyclicnot cyclic; especially having parts arranged in spirals rather than whorls.
~ annual, one-yearcompleting its life cycle within a year.; "a border of annual flowering plants"
~ biennial, two-yearhaving a life cycle lasting two seasons.; "a biennial life cycle"; "parsnips and carrots are biennial plants often grown as annuals"
~ perenniallasting three seasons or more.; "the common buttercup is a popular perennial plant"
~ determinatenot continuing to grow indefinitely at the apex.; "determinate growth"
~ cymosehaving a usually flat-topped flower cluster in which the main and branch stems each end in a flower that opens before those below it or to its side.
~ indeterminatehaving a capacity for continuing to grow at the apex.; "an indeterminate stem"
~ racemosehaving stalked flowers along an elongated stem that continue to open in succession from below as the stem continues to grow.; "lilies of the valley are racemose"
~ dextrorsal, dextrorsespiraling upward from left to right.; "dextrorse vines"
~ sinistrorsal, sinistrorsespiraling upward from right to left.; "sinistrorse vines"
~ precociousappearing or developing early.; "precocious flowers appear before the leaves as in some species of magnolias"
~ autogamic, autogamouscharacterized by or fit for autogamy.
~ endogamic, endogamouscharacterized by or fit for fertilization by pollen from another flower of the same kind.
~ exogamic, exogamouscharacterized by or fit for fertilization by a flower that is not closely related.
~ fastigiatehaving clusters of erect branches (often appearing to form a single column).
~ aerialexisting or living or growing or operating in the air.; "aerial roots of a philodendron"; "aerial particles"; "small aerial creatures such as butterflies"; "aerial warfare"; "aerial photography"; "aerial cable cars"
~ antheral, staminatecapable of fertilizing female organs.
~ pistillatehaving gynoecia, or pistils, the ovule-bearing organ of a seed plant.
~ monoclinoushaving pistils and stamens in the same flower.
~ diclinoushaving pistils and stamens in separate flowers.
~ capsulate, capsulatedused of seeds or spores that are enclosed in a capsule.
~ opposite, pairedof leaves etc; growing in pairs on either side of a stem.; "opposite leaves"
~ alternateof leaves and branches etc; first on one side and then on the other in two ranks along an axis; not paired.; "stems with alternate leaves"
~ ariled, arillate(of some seeds) having a fleshy and usually brightly colored cover.
~ foliate(often used as a combining form) having or resembling a leaf or having a specified kind or number of leaves.; "`foliate' is combined with the prefix `tri' to form the word `trifoliate'"
~ foliolate(often used as a combining form) having leaflets (compound leaves) or a specified kind or number of leaflets.; "`foliolate' is combined with the prefix `bi' to form the word `bifoliolate'"
~ aphylloushaving no leaves.
~ scaposeresembling or consisting of a scape; having a bare leafless stalk growing directly from the ground.; "tulips are scapose flowers"; "a scapose stalk"; "a scapose column"; "the scapose portion of a feather"
~ bilabiate, two-lippedhaving two lips.; "the corolla of a snapdragon is bilabiate"
~ cancellate, cancellated, clathratehaving a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows.
~ tereteespecially of plant parts; cylindrical and tapering.
~ toruloseof a cylindrical or ellipsoid body; swollen and constricted at intervals.
~ unsubdivided, simple(botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions.
~ compoundcomposed of more than one part.; "compound leaves are composed of several lobes"; "compound flower heads"
~ aggregatecomposed of a dense cluster of separate units such as carpels or florets or drupelets.; "raspberries are aggregate fruits"
~ doubleused of flowers having more than the usual number of petals in crowded or overlapping arrangements.; "double chrysanthemums have many rows of petals and are usually spherical or hemispherical"
~ singleused of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals.; "single chrysanthemums resemble daisies and may have more than one row of petals"
~ bullateof leaves; appearing puckered as if blistered.
~ imbricate, imbricatedused especially of leaves or bracts; overlapping or layered as scales or shingles.
~ squamulosecovered with tiny scales.
~ rugoseof leaves; ridged or wrinkled.
~ smoothof the margin of a leaf shape; not broken up into teeth.
~ roughof the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped.
~ convolute, convolutedrolled longitudinally upon itself.; "a convolute petal"
~ involute, rolledespecially of petals or leaves in bud; having margins rolled inward.
~ bifiddivided into two lobes.; "a bifid petal"
~ pentamerousdivided into five parts; specifically, having each floral whorl consist of five (or a multiple of five) members.; "pentamerous flowers"
~ trifiddivided into three lobes.; "trifid petals"
~ assurgentgrowing or extending upward.; "an assurgent stem or leaf"
~ ligneousconsisting of or containing lignin or xylem.; "ligneous (or woody) tissue"
~ alliaceousof or pertaining to the botanical genus Allium.; "onions, leeks, garlic, chives are alliaceous plants"
~ apogametic, apogamic, apogamousof or relating to the development of an embryo in the absence of fertilization.
~ apomictic, apomicticalof or relating to a plant that reproduces by apomixis.
~ apothecialof or relating to the apothecium of some lichens and fungi.
~ archegonial, archegoniateof or relating to an archegonium.
~ archesporialof or relating to the cells in a sporangium that give rise to spores.
~ araceous, aroidrelating to a plant of the family Araceae.
~ arthrosporic, arthrosporousof or relating to arthrospores.
~ asclepiadaceousof or relating to plants of the milkweed family.
~ ascocarpousof or relating to ascocarps.
~ ascosporic, ascosporousof or relating to ascospores.
~ autophytic, autotrophicof or relating to organisms (as green plants) that can make complex organic nutritive compounds from simple inorganic sources by photosynthesis.
~ heterotrophicrequiring organic compounds of carbon and nitrogen for nourishment.; "most animals are heterotrophic"
~ axile, axialrelating to or attached to the axis.; "axial angle"
~ basidiomycetouspertaining to or characteristic of fungi of the class Basidiomycetes.
~ basidiosporousof or relating to or characterized by spores produced by basidia.
~ bicapsulardivided into two capsules or having a two-part capsule.
~ calyceal, calycinal, calycineof or relating to or resembling a calyx.
~ cambialof or relating to or functioning as a cambium.
~ capsularof or relating to a capsule.
~ compositeof or relating to or belonging to the plant family Compositae.
~ homostyled, homostylic, homostylous(botany) having styles all of the same length.
~ panicledhaving panicles; occurring in panicles.; "a panicled inflorescence"
~ self-pollinatingof or relating to or characteristic of self-pollination.
~ umbelliformresembling or in the form of an umbel.
~ umbelliferousrelating to or belonging to plants of the family Umbelliferae.
~ cruciferousof or relating to or belonging to the plant family Cruciferae.
~ tomentosecovered with densely matted filaments.
~ epiphyticof or relating to epiphytes.
~ lithophyticof or relating to lithophytes.
~ myrmecophyticof or relating to myrmecophytes.
~ bladedhaving a blade or blades; often used in combination.; "a single-bladed leaf"; "narrow-bladed grass"
~ spicatehaving or relating to spikes.; "spicate inflorescence"
~ alar, axillaryof or relating to the axil.
~ paniculatehaving a panicle.
~ phyllodialhaving a phyllode.
~ involucratehaving an involucre.
~ bryophyticrelating to plants of the division Bryophyta.